Economic Reforms in Cuba Require Decentralisation
HAVANA, Dec 11 2012 (IPS) The social and economic model that is taking shape canada goose outlet canada in Cuba based on changes gradually being implemented require reforms for strengthening uk canada goose outlet and giving greater autonomy to local government bodies, which began to be renewed in October with the election of new municipal assembly members.
Now that state, cooperative and private forms of property have begun to coexist in the Cuban economy, “decentralised canada goose outlet decision making is going to be essential to the success of these transformations,” Ricardo Torres, a researcher with the University of Havana’s Centre for the Study of the Cuban Economy, told IPS.
That principle is considered basic to the goal of local development, a process in which municipalities are becoming central players instead of recipients. The government wants projects such as small scale industries and service centres, especially in the food sector, to be part of the strategy of Canada Goose Coats On Sale municipal self reliance in terms of supplies.
To ensure financial autonomy, the tax system that will go into effect canada goose uk outlet in January will include taxes on businesses, trading companies and cooperatives, with the goal of financing projects in the areas where they are located. That income will increase municipal budgets for local productive and service activities.
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Torres said that a mixed economy (in terms of ownership) and decentralisation are becoming characteristics of the model that https://www.baertakreation.de could emerge from the reforms that were approved in April 2011, during the Sixth Congress of the ruling Communist Party of Cuba.
On that occasion, President Ral Castro announced that the “excessively centralised economic model” had to open up. “Practical experience canada goose outlet toronto factory has shown us that excessive centralisation conspires against the development of society and the entire production chain,” Castro said.
“All of our lives, we have seen a Cuban model based on a central power, from which all decisions come. Now we have seen that that is not viable,” said Professor Marta Zaldvar of the University of Havana’s Faculty of Economics.
For Zaldvar, who has been working on cheap canada goose the issue for several years, local development will continue to be canada canadian goose jacket goose outlet uk a pending issue if there is no legal framework for management at the provincial level. “Some steps have been taken, but they are still incipient. The process is slow and time is running out,” she said.
In an canada goose clearance sale interview with IPS, Torres said that “in a situation where there is greater heterogeneity among economic actors, it is essential for them to be able to make autonomous decisions about a multitude of variables and questions related to the life of these organisations.”
At the same time, he canada goose outlet new york city said, this is a new path, which requires a break with schemes and patterns of behaviour. “In fact, cheap canada goose uk there will be Canada Goose Online cases where it will be necessary to de concentrate ownership in enterprises that are too large for the size of the domestic market. It is an area in which state companies will have to be more autonomous,” he said. “That is another long and difficult learning process that Cuba is setting out on now,” Torres commented.
Local and provincial governments “will have to play a leading role in setting the development agenda for their regions, which requires a number of things, including greater autonomy for them to make relevant decisions in certain areas, such as setting local policies that do not interfere with the national strategies,” he said.
The municipal delegates who won the recent local elections a process that lasted until November in some places due to Hurricane Sandy’s impact on the eastern provinces are the government canada goose coats on sale officials closest to the grassroots of society.
One canada goose outlet online uk frequent complaint voiced by Cubans is that a delegate may be very good, but does not have the resources to solve voters’ problems. However, delegates are not actually in charge of directly solving problems; their job is to represent and express the needs, concerns and difficulties of their constituents, and to inform them of measures passed by the municipal assembly.
Municipal elections are held every canada goose black friday sale two and a half years. On this occasion, they will be followed by elections in February for representatives to provincial assemblies and the canada goose outlet parka National Assembly the single chamber parliament.
By taking on a more central role in developing their regions, local officials will reinforce democratic participation canada goose outlet jackets and bring government closer to citizens on the local level, Torres said. He added that citizens, in turn, will be more interested in giving their votes to individuals shown to be the most competent in given situations.
In that sense, Torres did not rule out the canada goose outlet black friday future professionalisation of municipal and provincial delegates, and of the members of the National Assembly.
“As of now, in most cases, representatives at all levels fulfil their duties simultaneously with those of their previous occupation; canada goose outlet shop however, if we really want these people to turn toward the development of their communities, the issue of professionalisation should be analysed and debated,” he commented.